Arabian Sea

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Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox body of water

Map of the Arabian Sea.
Ariabian Sea

The Arabian Sea is the northwest part of the Indian ocean. To its west are the Guardafui Channel, Somali Sea and Arabian peninsula. To its east is the Indian peninsula. It covers around 4,600,000, km. The Arabian Sea one of the warmest seas.


The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Arabian Sea as follows:[1]

  • On the west: the eastern limit of the Gulf of Aden.
  • On the north: a line joining Ràs al Hadd, east point of the Arabian Peninsula (22°32'N) and Ràs Jiyùni (61°43'E) on the coast of Pakistan.
  • On the south: a line running from the southern extremity of Addu Atoll in the Maldives, to the eastern extremity of Ràs Hafun (the easternmost point of Africa, 10°26'N).
  • On the east: the western limit of the Laccadive Sea a line running from Sadashivgad on the west coast of India (Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.) to Cora Divh (Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.) and thence down the west side of the Laccadive and Maldive archipelagos to the most southerly point of Addu Atoll in the Maldives.

Border and Basin countries

Border and Basin countries: [2][3]

  1.  India - 2,500 Km Coastline
  2.  Pakistan - 1,050 Km Coastline
  3. Template:IRI
  4. Template:MDV
  5. Template:OMA
  6.  Yemen
  7. Template:Country data Somalia

Alternative names

  1. Indian Sea[4]
  2. Sindhu Sagar[4]
  3. Fars Darya
  4. Erythraean Sea[5]
  5. Sindh Sea
  6. Green Sea[5]
  7. Mare di Persia
  8. Persian Sea[5]

The Arabian Sea, historically and geographically, has been referred to by different names by Turks, Persians, Arabs, and scholars of Geography and cartography in medieval Islam, European geographers and travelers, including the Ministry of Iran.[6]

In Indian folklore, it is referred to as Darya, Sindhu Sagar, and Arab Samudra.[4][5][7]

Arab sailors and nomads used to call this sea by different names, including the green sea, Bahre Fars, the ocean sea, the Hindu sea, the Makran Sea, the sea of Oman, among them the Zakariya al-Qazwini, Al-Masudi , Ibn Hawqal and (Hafiz-i Abru) They wrote: “The green sea and Indian sea and Persian sea are all one sea and in this sea there are strange creatures.[6] Ibn Khordadbeh, Ibn Sa'id al-Maghribi, Muhammad al-Idrisi, Istakhri, Mahmud al-Kashgari, Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad, and Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi had mentioned the sea as Persian sea and Bahr e Fars. [8] Some of the medieval map, including the map by Vincenzo Maria, Coronelli, 1693 had mentioned the Persian sea and also Macran. Cornelius Le Brun's Year 1718 Map. On this map, the name of the Oman Sea is recorded as "Gulf of Hormuz". Map of Iran in the 16th century by Abraham Ortelius in which the name of the Persian Sea and the Indian Sea appear.[9] Iran, had in the past, been called persian sea, but now like Turkey, it is called Oman sea together with the gulf of Oman Encyclopædia Iranica also call it Oman sea.[10][11]

Maps with historical names

Many atlases had published old maps of Asia and Indian ocean such as Atlas of The Arabian Peninsula in Old European Maps.Paris, 424pp. contains 253 maps.10 maps have used persian Sea (for the body of water which is now called Arabian sea)the maps in pages: -141-226-323-322-331-345-347-363-355•[1] such as the hours shape map of Bunting H.S.Q34/24CM Hanover,1620.[6] [2]


Related pages


  1. "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  2. "Iran - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 21 July 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  3. "Introduction to Pakistan: Section 5: Coastline". 2004. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Kamat's Potpourri: The Arabian Sea".
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "The Voyage around the Erythraean Seain para No 34-35".
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Ministry of MoFA Iran: Introducing a Book and Atlas".
  7. "List of some early maps which had mentioned the Perian Gulf". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  8. Ajam, Muḥammad (2010). "Documents on the Persian Gulf's name". Documents on the Persian Gulf's name (PGSC). Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  10. Foundation, Encyclopaedia Iranica. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica: Arabian Sea".
  11. Foundation, Encyclopaedia Iranica. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica: Sea of Oman".



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