South Asia

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South Asia common definition.jpg
Climate zones of South Asia

South Asia (or Southern Asia) is the southern part of the continent of Asia. It is also known as Indian subcontinent. There are 8 countries in this region. It is surrounded by (clockwise) West Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southeastern Asia and the Indian Ocean. Major countries in this part of the world are as follows:[1][2][3]

The natural resource most used by the people is the rich land. Most of the people living there are farmers. They produce lots of cashews, rice, peanuts, sesame seeds, and tea. Lots of natural gas are there, but these resources are usually underdeveloped. Many people there raise cattle and sheep. The cattle are raised for their milk or to carry things in Hindu areas. In India, the cattle are very important to the environment because the manure is a fertilizer for agriculturists.

The climate of South Asia can be divided into three basic kinds: tropical, dry, and temperate. The northeast is from tropical to subtropical (temperate). Moving west the moisture and elevation change, causing a steppe and a desert climate that is like the Middle East. There is also a part of steppe climate in the center of the lower peninsula. Two parts of the South Asia climate especially affect the people. One like the monsoons.[4] These changing winds bring lots of the area's rain, so when they do not come early, the land becomes very dry.[5] Hurricanes also happen every year and sometimes destroy many things. In the extreme north of India and Pakistan, the climate is affected by the mountains.[4] There is a mild climate near the Indus river where farmers grow crops like rice and tea.

Related pages


  1. "Afghanistan". Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  2. "Afghanistan". Retrieved 13 December 2014.
  3. "South Asian Association For Regional Coorporation". Archived from the original on 2015-01-04. Retrieved 2014-12-21.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Koontz, Terri; Mark Sidwell, S.M.Bunker. World Studies for Christian Schools. Greenville, South Carolina 29614: cBob Jones University Press. ISBN 1-59166-431-4.CS1 maint: location (link)
  5. Template:Citation